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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
+49 (0)651 201-4934
Depressions-Angst-Stress-Skalen – deutschsprachige Kurzfassung
The short German-language version of the Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scales (DASS) is used in pain research and treatment and was developed to assess core psychological aspects of depression, anxiety, and stress. It includes three scales with seven items each. The assessment of psychological distress is of central importance in pain research and treatment. For depression as a comorbidity in pain, there are particular methodological and conceptual difficulties. Reliability: Cronbach's alpha was alpha = .91 (depression), alpha = .78-.82 (anxiety) and alpha = .81-.89 (stress). Validity: Construct validity of the DASS were compared with HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and ADS (General Depression Scale). Specificity and sensitivity for depression were determined using a structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SKID) and also compared with ADS and HADS.
Nilges, P. & Essau, C. (2021). DASS. Depressions-Angst-Stress-Skalen - deutschsprachige Kurzfassung [Verfahrensdokumentation und Fragebogen mit Auswertung]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name DASS
English Name Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales - German short version
Authors Nilges, P. & Essau, C. A.
Published in Test archive 2021
Copyright/Licence Copyright Authors; CC-BY-SA 4.0
Key words Major Depression; Anxiety; Behavior Problems; Stress
Application age From the age of 18
Item number 21 items
Subscales (1) Depression, (2) Anxiety, (3) Stress
Application time 5-10 minutes
Interpretation time 1-2 minutes
Reliability Internal consistency: Cronbach's alpha was alpha = .91 (depression), alpha = .78-.82 (anxiety), and alpha = .81-.89 (stress), respectively.
Validity Evidence for construct validity.
Norms None. Reference values: means and standard deviations.
Applications Individual diagnostics, Differential diagnostics, Research
There is no abstract in English available. Information about the measure can be found under Overview.
There is no complete review in English available. Further information about the measure can also be found under Overview.
First published in
Nilges, P. & Essau, C. (2015). Die Depressions-Angst-Stress-Skalen. Der DASS - ein Screeningverfahren nicht nur für Schmerzpatienten. Der Schmerz, 29 (6), 649-657. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00482-015-0019-z
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Prof. Cecilia Ahmoi Essau, HBA, MA, PhD, Habilitation, SFHEA, CPsychol, FBPsS, Professor of Developmental Psychopathology & Director, Centre for Applied Research and Assessment in Child and Adolescent Wellbeing (CARACAW) & Research Degrees Convenor (Psychology), Department of Psychology, Roehampton University, Whitelands College, Holybourne Avenue, GB-SW154JD London, United Kingdom