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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
+49 (0)651 201-4934
The measure has been designed for use with adults aged 18 and over, but there are also versions for children (from 6;0) and adolescents (from 13;0). Three dispositions with 15 items each are assessed, which are related to laughing, laughing at somebody and being laughed at: Fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia), the joy of being laughed at (gelatophilia) and the joy of laughing at others (cataract elasticity). The development of the method is based on the definition of gelotophilia and catagelasticism by Ruch and Proyer (2009) and their research on gelotophobia. Reliability: There are mean selectivities of rit = .58, rit = .52 and rit = .46 for gelatophobia, geotophilia and catagelasticism and internal consistencies between Cronbach's alpha = .84 and alpha = .88. Test-retest correlations (3 and 6 months) are between rtt = .73 and rtt = .86. Validity: A factor analysis of the items and the intercorrelation of the scales support the construct validity. There are numerous other findings on validity. Norms : There are comparative samples as well as empirically derived cut-off values for the gelotophobia scale.
Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). (2019). Open Test Archive: PhoPhiKat-45. PhoPhiKat-45. Available at: https://www.testarchiv.eu/en/test/9006740
Ruch, W. & Proyer, R. T. (2014). PhoPhiKat-45 [Verfahrensdokumentation und Fragebogen]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name PhoPhiKat-45
English Name PhoPhiKat-45
Authors Ruch, W., Proyer, R. T.
Published in Test archive 2014
Copyright/Licence Copyright Authors; CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0
Key words Emotional Responses, Personality Traits, Social Anxiety, Laughter, Humor
Language versions deu
Construct Gelotophilia, cataract elasticity, gelotophobia (Ruch & Proyer, 2008, 2009)
Application age 18 years and older
Item number 45 items
Subscales (1) the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia), (2) the joy of being laughed at (gelotophilia), (3) the joy of laughing at others (cataract elasticity)
Application Time approx. 10-15 min.
Interpretation time approx. 3 min.
Reliability Internal consistency: Cronbach's Alpha = .84-.88.
Validity Findings on factorial structure and scale intercorrelation and numerous other findings on validity.
Norms None; Reference data: mean, standard deviation, skewness, excess
There is no abstract in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
There is no review in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
First published in
Ruch, W. & Proyer, R. T. (2009). Extending the study of gelotophobia: On gelotophiles and katagelasticists. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22 (1-2), 183-212.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Prof. Dr. (habil.) René T. Proyer, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Institut für Psychologie, Abteilung Psychologische Diagnostik und Differentielle Psychologie, Emil-Abderhalden-Straße 26-27, D-06108 Halle (Saale)
Prof. Dr. Willibald Ruch, Universität Zürich, Psychologisches Institut, Persönlichkeitspsychologie und Diagnostik, Binzmühlestraße 14/7, CH-8050 Zürich, Schweiz