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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
+49 (0)651 201-4934
Fragebogen zu Einstellungen zu Sterben, Tod und Danach
The FESTD measures specific death-related attitudes and investigates their influence on experience and behaviour. It consists of 144 items in 20 main scales and six additional scales. Seven further items deal with life expectancy and ask for objective data on experiences with dying, dead and life-threatening diseases. Reliability: Cronbach's alpha of the subscales is in the range of .64-.95. The profile reliability of all 20 main scales is profrtt = .81. In addition (with two exceptions) sufficiently high reliability coefficients of the scale differences were calculated. Validity: The validation of scales to death related settings poses a problem, since no clear external criteria are available. However, the factor structure could be replicated on another student sample. Consistent relationships were found between the FESTD scales and various personality traits (trait anxiety, general competence expectations, mental health, self-esteem, etc.) and consistent response patterns of religious persons. Social desirability tendencies had no significant influence.
Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). (2019). Open Test Archive: FESTD. Fragebogen zu Einstellungen zu Sterben, Tod und Danach. Available at: https://www.testarchiv.eu/en/test/9003494
Klug, A. (2007). FESTD. Einstellungen zu Sterben, Tod und Danach [Verfahrensdokumentation und Fragebogen]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name FESTD
English Name Attitudes towards Dying, Death and the Hereafter Questionnaire
Authors Klug, A.
Published in Test archive 2007
Copyright/Licence Copyright Autoren; CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0
Key words Death and Dying, Death Anxiety, Death Attitudes, Death Education
Language versions deu
Application age Adolescents and adults
Item number 144 items
Subscales 20 main scales + 6 additional scales
Application Time ca. 30 min.
Interpretation time Very quick evaluation.
Internal consistency: Cronbach's Alpha = .64-.95. Profile reliability= r = .81.
Findings on factorial validity; Correlations with various personality traits (trait anxiety, general competence expectations, mental health, self-esteem, etc.) and consistent response patterns of religious persons.
N = 660; Distribution characteristics (mean values, standard deviations).
Applications Research, Practice, Consulting
There is no abstract in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
There is no review in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
First published in
Klug, A. (1997). Einstellungen zu Sterben, Tod und Danach. Aachen: Verlag Mainz.
- Questionnaire FESTD (German) [PDF]
- Complete test description from PSYNDEX Tests (German) [HTML]
- Distributions of the scale values (histograms) in the norm sample (German) [HTML]
- Attitudes toward dying (scale values) [HTML]
- Attitudes toward death (scale values) [HTML]
- Attitudes toward after death (scale values) [HTML]
- Reactions to the person dying, dead / attitudes toward suicide (scale values) [HTML]
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