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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
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Activities-Specific Balance Confidence-Skala
The ABC-D is a self-evaluation test to assess the self-efficacy associated with falling. It contains 16 items from which the two subscales (1) fall related self-efficacy with simple activities (7 items) and (2) fall related self-efficacy with complex activities (9 items) are formed. Reliability: For the internal consistency, values between alpha = .91 and alpha = .95 were obtained. The selectivity varied between rit = .64 and rit = .88. With Pearson correlations from rtt =.94 to rtt = .98, the ABC-D showed very good temporal stability over the ten-day test-retest interval. Validity: A main component analysis with Varimax rotation resulted in a two factor solution. The convergent validity was checked by correlations with standardized measures for quality of life, depression, cognitive functions and balance, strength and mobility. The rank correlations with the construct-related external criteria are generally in line with expectations and are at medium altitude. Finally, plausible age effects as well as correlations with previous fall experiences were found. A study of 60- to 89-year-olds provided further evidence of convergent validity (e.g. with mountain balance scale, FAB-D, Timed-Up-And-Go test).
Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). (2019). Open Test Archive: ABC-D. Activities-Specific Balance Confidence-Skala. Available at: https://www.testarchiv.eu/en/test/9006151
Schott, N. (2011). ABC-D. Activities-Specific Balance Confidence-Skala [Verfahrensdokumentation und Fragebogen]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name ABC-D
English Name Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale - German version
Authors Schott, N.
Published in Test archive 2011
Copyright/Licence Copyright Autoren; CC-BY-SA 4.0
Key words Risk Assessment, Self-Efficacy, Quality of Life, Physical Mobility, Accidents
Language versions deu
Construct Fall-associated self-efficacy
Application age 55-84 years
Item number 16 items
Subscales (1) Fall-related self-efficacy in simple activities, (2) Fall-related self-efficacy in complex activities
Application Time 5-10 min.
Interpretation time No information.
Reliability Internal consistency: Cronbach's Alpha = .91-.95. Stability: rtt = .94-.98.
Validity Findings on factorial and convergent validity; effects on age and fall experience.
Applications Individual diagnostics, prevention, therapy, gerontology
There is no abstract in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
There is no review in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
First published in
Schott, N. (2008). Deutsche Adaptation der "Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale" zur Erfassung der sturzassoziierten Selbstwirksamkeit. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie + Geriatrie, 41 (6), 475-485.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Prof. Dr. Nadja Schott, Institut für Sport und Bewegungswissenschaft (InSpo), Schwerpunkte: Motorik, Sportpsychologie, Gerontologie, Universität Stuttgart, Keplerstraße 7, D-70174 Stuttgart