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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
+49 (0)651 201-4934
The HAF is used to identify cardiac anxieties in the context of cardiological diseases. Heart-related anxiety can occur both as a symptomatology of thoracic complaints without an organ-medical correlate and as a comorbid syndrome of organic heart disease, where it can make rehabilitation more difficult and can lead to chronic symptoms. The HAF consists of 17 items with the subscales Avoidance, Fear and Self-Awareness. Reliability: Cronbach's alpha was alpha = .69-.92. Validity: The HAF scales avoidance and fear as well as the total HAF value correlate negatively with the scales of the questionnaire on the general state of health SF-12 (r = -.28 to -.53), while the "selfattention" correlates positively with values r = .25-.35. With the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), the correlations are r = .16-.47. As expected, the subscales correlated relatively highly with the overall value (r = .70-.86). Among each other, the subscales correlated between r = .20-.52 (avoidance-self attention). This speaks for cardiac anxiety as a relatively uniform construct. With respect to the subscales, panic patients showed a significantly increased fear of heart-related symptoms and patients with cardiac arrhythmias a stronger avoidance. As expected, chronically ill patients show the lowest values on all scales and in total.
Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). (2019). Open Test Archive: HAF. Herzangstfragebogen. Available at: https://www.testarchiv.eu/en/test/9005128
Hoyer, J. & Eifert, G. (2009). HAF. Herzangstfragebogen [Verfahrensdokumentation und Fragebogen]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name HAF
English Name Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire - German version
Authors Hoyer, J., Eifert, G.
Published in Test archive 2009
Copyright/Licence Copyright Autoren; CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0
Key words Hypochondriasis, Anxiety, Myocardial Infarctions, Heart Disorders
Language versions deu
Application age Adults (possibly also for young patients with cardiac anxiety)
Item number 17 items
Subscales (1) Fear, (2) Avoidance, (3) Attention
Application Time ca. 10 min.
Interpretation time ca. 5-10 min.
Internal consistency: Cronbach's Alpha = .69-.92.
Findings on construct validity.
Applications Research, Therapy
There is no abstract in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
There is no review in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
First published in
Hoyer, J. & Eifert, G. (2001). Herzangstfragebogen (HAF) - deutsche Version. Dresden: Technische Universität Dresden.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Prof. Dr. Jürgen Hoyer, Professur für Behaviorale Psychotherapie, Institut für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Technische Universität Dresden, Hohe Straße 53, D-01187 Dresden