Test instruments sorted
Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
+49 (0)651 201-4934
Pain Disability Index - deutsche Fassung
The PDI can be used for patients with chronic pain problems to determine the subjective degree of impairment caused by pain problems in everyday life. It is based on a multidimensional concept of pain-related disability and draws on a distinction made by the WHO (1980) between the consequences of illness and injury, which differentiates between damage, disability and disadvantage. Seven areas of life are covered: (1) Family and domestic responsibilities, (2) Recreation, (3) Social activities, (4) Work, (5) Sex life, (6) Self-sufficiency and (7) Essential activities. Reliability: Cronbach's alpha was at alpha = .83-.90. Validity: The one-dimensionality of the PDI was confirmed. The construct validity is demonstrated by moderate to high correlations with the following indicators of disability experienced: (1) Down-Time: r = .40; (2) self-developed functional assessment scale for recording concrete behavioural impairments: r = .78; (3) Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire: r = .76. Correlations were found with pain intensity (r = .23-.62), the Beck depression inventory (r = .26-.52) and with the depression scale CES-D (r = .55). The criterion-related validity is also supported by findings in inpatients with pain who have been assigned three chronification stages based on the Mainz concept of chronic pain. standards: Percentile score is available.
Dillmann, U., Nilges, P., Saile, H. & Gerbershagen, H. U. (2011). PDI. Pain Disability Index - deutsche Fassung [Verfahrensdokumentation und Fragebogen]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name PDI
English Name Pain Disability Index - German version
Authors Dillmann, U., Nilges, P., Saile, H., Gerbershagen, H.U.
Published in Test archive 2011
Copyright/Licence Copyright Authors; CC-BY-SA 4.0
Key words Pain Measurement, Patients, Chronic Pain, Pain Management, Pain Perception, Disability Evaluation
Construct Chronic Pain
Application age Adults
Item number 7 items
Subscales (1) Family and domestic responsibilities, (2) Recreation, (3) Social activities, (4) Work, (5) Sex life, (6) Self-care, (7) Vital activities
Application time A few minutes.
Interpretation time A few minutes.
Reliability Internal consistency: Cronbach's Alpha = .83-.90.
Validity Findings on one-dimensionality, criterion-related and construct validity.
Norms N = 309; Percentile score
Applications Clinical diagnostics, Research
There is no abstract in English available. Information about the measure can be found under Overview.
There is no complete review in English available. Further information about the measure can also be found under Overview.
First published in
Dillmann, U., Nilges, P., Saile, H. & Gerbershagen, H. U. (1994). Behinderungseinschätzung bei chronischen Schmerzpatienten. Der Schmerz, 8 (2), 100-110.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Dr. Helmut Saile, Dipl.-Psych., Universität Trier, Fachbereich I - Psychologie, Abteilung Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie des Kindes- und Jugendalters Universitätsring 15, D-54296 Trier