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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
+49 (0)651 201-4934
Skala zur Erfassung der exzessiven Bestätigungssuche
The questionnaire is used to measure the excessive search for confirmation of interpersonal dependencies in social relationships. The concept of excessive confirmation search is based on the assumption that a strong tendency of others to search for confirmation is more likely to discourage the persons addressed, so that negative reactions predominate. In addition, confirmation is never sufficient for the person seeking confirmation, so the search for confirmation continues. The search for confirmation is accordingly insatiable. As a result of this and the negative feedback from reference persons on the confirmation search, a person with a depressive tendency may tend to become more depressed. The questionnaire consists of four items. Reliability: Cronbach's alpha was alpha = .84. Retestreliabilities were rtt = .67-.72 (4/6/10 weeks difference). Validity: Evidence of construct validity is provided by the positive correlation of BSS with depressive moodiness measured by the General Depression Scale (ADS). As expected, the relationship between BSS and ADS is substantial. In addition, the correlation with a specific facet of excessive confirmation search, excessive confirmation search in sexual adventures, was determined to be positive as expected. In a factor analysis, the four items prove to be one-dimensional.
Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). (2019). Open Test Archive: BSS. Skala zur Erfassung der exzessiven Bestätigungssuche. Available at: https://www.testarchiv.eu/en/test/9005337
Schwennen, C. & Bierhoff, H.-W. (2012). BSS. Skala zur exzessiven Bestätigungssuche [Verfahrensdokumentation und Fragebogen]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name BSS
English Name Depressive Interpersonal Relationship Inventory - Reassurance Seeking Subscale - German modified version
Authors Schwennen, C., Bierhoff, H.-W.
Published in Test archive 2012
Copyright/Licence Copyright Autoren; CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0
Key words Dependency (Personality), Depression (Emotion)
Language versions deu
Construct The Concept of Excessive Confirmation Search (Joiner, Coyne & Blalock, 1999)
Application age Adults
Item number 4 items
Application Time A few minutes.
Interpretation time A few minutes.
Internal consistency: Cronbach's alpha = .84. Retestreliabilities: rtt = .67-.72 (4/6/10 weeks difference).
Notes on construct validity and factorial one-dimensionality.
Applications Research, Psychotherapy
There is no abstract in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
There is no review in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Dr. Christian Schwennen, Leitung Gesunde Arbeitswelt, CURRENTA; SER - GS - Gesundheit Gesunde Arbeitswelt, E 46, D-51368 Leverkusen
Prof. Dr. Hans-Werner Bierhoff, Emeritus, Fakultät für Psychologie, Sozialpsychologie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstraße 150, D-44801 Bochum