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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
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Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire - deutsche Fassung
The questionnaire measures aspects of "pain acceptance", defined as "efforts to maintain one's own functional level despite existing limitations and the tendency not to want to avoid pain at all costs" (Nilges et al., 2007, p. 60). People with high pain acceptance therefore focus their attention less on pain and its elimination than on opportunities to actively participate in private, social and professional life despite certain pain-related impairments. The CPAQ-D contains 20 statements relating to the management and evaluation of chronic pain. They are grouped into two subscales: (1) Willingness in activity (k = 10) and (2) Willingness in pain (k = 8). Reliability: Cronbach's alpha is alpha = .84-.87. Validity: Both CPAQ-D subscales and the overall scale correlated moderately to highly negatively with indicators of mental stress (e.g. General Depression Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - German Version, Coping Strategies Questionnaire , PDI, SES). On the other hand, there were no or only minor correlations with other pain measures, e.g. the chronification stage according to the Mainz stage concept of chronic pain, sensory pain intensity, previous pain duration in years and other indicators of pain intensity as well as experimentally recorded differences in the thermal pain threshold. In addition, no correlation between the current pain intensity and pain acceptance could be demonstrated (r = .16).
Nilges, P., Köster, B. & Schmidt, C. O. (2011). CPAQ-D. Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire - deutsche Fassung [Verfahrensdokumentation und Fragebogen mit Auswertungsanleitung]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name CPAQ-D
English Name Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire - German version
Authors Nilges, P., Köster, B., Schmidt, C.O.
Published in Test archive 2011
Copyright/Licence Copyright Authors; CC-BY-SA 4.0
Key words Chronic Pain, Pain Perception, Coping Behavior, Disease Management
Construct Pain acceptance
Application age Adults
Item number 20 items
Subscales (1) Willingness in activity, (2) Willingness in pain
Application time approx. 5-10 min.
Interpretation time No information.
Reliability Internal consistency: Cronbach's Alpha is Alpha = .84-.87.
Validity Findings on construct validity.
Norms Percentiles (10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th percentile)
There is no abstract in English available. Information about the measure can be found under Overview.
There is no complete review in English available. Further information about the measure can also be found under Overview.
First published in
Nilges, P., Köster, B. & Schmidt, C. O. (2007). Schmerzakzeptanz - Konzept und Überprüfung einer deutschen Fassung des Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire. Der Schmerz, 21 (1), 57-67.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Prof. Dr. rer. Dr. phil. Carsten Oliver Schmidt, Universität Greifswald, Institut für Community Medicine, Abt. Methoden der Community Medicine, Walther-Rathenau-Straße 48, D-17487 Greifswald
Prof. Lance M. McCracken, Ph.D., King's College London, Strand London WC2R 2LS, United Kingdom