Test instruments sorted
Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
+49 (0)651 201-4934
Schüchternheitsskalen für Kinder
The SSK measure the shyness and inhibition of children. The SSK consist of two scales with four items each: (1) Inhibition towards other children and (2) Inhibition towards other adults. Reliability: The reliability of the two scales is at Cronbach's Alpha > .80. Together, the scales reach a value above Alpha = .85. In the self-assessment by the children (with appropriate item formulation), the reliability coefficient of both scales decreases to Alpha < .70. In a further study, reliabilities (Cronbach's Alpha) of at least .85, measured over seven measuring points, could be demonstrated. Furthermore, values between alpha = .83 and .95 with an average reliability of alpha = .90 were achieved. Validity: In a longitudinal study, the predictive validity of three personality types (under-controlled vs. over-controlled vs. resilient) was examined. Children from the age of 4 to 23 were examined using the shyness scale, among others. It was found that overcontrolled people have higher values in the shyness scale, which remain stable, while the value for shyness of undercontrolled people is low at 4 years, increases with age (17 years) and then remains stable. Resilient persons are shy at the beginning, but the shyness value decreases steadily.
Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). (2019). Open Test Archive: SSK. Schüchternheitsskalen für Kinder. Available at: https://www.testarchiv.eu/en/test/9004393
Asendorpf, J. B. (2002). SSK. Schüchternheitsskalen für Kinder [Verfahrensdokumentation, Autorenbeschreibung und Fragebogen]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name SSK
English Name Inhibition Scales for Children
Authors Asendorpf, J. B.
Published in Test archive 2002
Copyright/Licence Copyright Autoren; CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0
Key words Personality Traits, Timidity, Inhibition (Personality), Social Anxiety
Language versions deu
Application age Children
Item number 8 items
Subscales (1) Inhibition towards foreign children, (2) Inhibition towards foreign adults
Application Time No information.
Interpretation time A few minutes.
Reliability Internal consistency: Cronbach's Alpha = .70.-.95.
Validity Findings on predictive validity.
There is no abstract in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
There is no review in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
First published in
Asendorpf, J. B. (1992). Schüchternheitsskalen für Kinder. Berlin: Humboldt-Universität, Institut für Psychologie.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Prof. i.R. Dr. Jens B. Asendorpf, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Lebenswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Institut für Psychologie, Unter den Linden 6, D-10099 Berlin