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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
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The TAF was developed to assess the severity and intensity of tunnel anxiety and to evaluate therapies for managing tunnel anxiety. The TAF comprises the two scales (1) Fear when driving in a tunnel as a driver and (2) Fear as a co-driver with 11 items each. Reliability: The internal consistency was Cronbach's alpha = .85-.90. For a 10-item version it was alpha = .94 (fear as driver) or alpha = .95 (fear as co-driver) and the retest reliability (after 3 months) was rtt = .71 or rtt = .80. Validity: "Patients with tunnel anxiety" vs. "Control persons" differed significantly in the extent of self-reported avoidance of tunneling, the values on different fear scales (Fear and General Symptoms Questionnaire; subscales anxiety, phobic fear from SCL-90-R) and the Global Severity Index. In addition, persons classified as tunnel anxious showed higher subjective fear and more pronounced psychophysiological fear reactions when driving through a tunnel in a virtual driving environment. The scale "Fear as a passenger" also showed a high correlation of r = .71 with the subscale "Overcrowded and closed rooms" from the FGSQ.
Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). (2019). Open Test Archive: TAF. Tunnelangstfragebogen. Available at: https://www.testarchiv.eu/en/test/9005015
Mühlberger, A. & Pauli, P. (2010). TAF. Tunnelangstfragebogen [Verfahrensdokumentation, Autoren-Kurzbeschreibung und Fragebogen]. In Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Open Test Archive. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name TAF
English Name Fear of Tunnels Questionnaire
Authors Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P.
Published in Test archive 2010
Copyright/Licence Copyright Autoren; CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0
Key words Anxiety, Phobias, Fear, Panic
Language versions deu
Application age Adults
Item number 22 items
Subscales (1) Fear when driving in a tunnel as a driver, (2) Fear as a co-driver
Application Time approx. 5 min.
Interpretation time A few minutes.
Internal consistency: Cronbach's alpha = .85-.90, alpha = .94-.95 (10 item version). Retestreliability (3-month interval): rtt = .71-.80.
Information on construct validity.
N = 244; Reference data: Means and standard deviations, quartiles.
Applications Diagnostics, Therapy
There is no abstract in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
There is no review in English available. Short information about the measure can be found under Overview. More can be found on the German pages.
First published in
Mühlberger, A. & Pauli, P. (2000). Tunnelangstfragebogen (TAF). Tübingen: Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Psychologisches Institut.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Prof. Dr. Andreas Mühlberger, Lehrstuhl für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Fakultät für Humanwissenschaften, Universität Regensburg, Universitätsstraße 31, D-93053 Regensburg
Prof. Dr. Paul Pauli, Präsident, Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Sanderring 2, D-97070 Würzburg