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Gülay Karadere (Dipl.-Psych.)
+49 (0)651 201-4934
The FKS is used to measure the flow experience. It is a further development of Rheinberg's short scale (1987; Questions on experiencing activities), which was first used by Thiel and Kopf (1989) to investigate the structure and frequency of flow state and flow mediating activities. This scale was further developed to be able to combine it with the Experience Sampling Method. The TCS consists of a total of 16 items and three factors ("Smooth automated progression", "Absorption", "Concern"). Reliability: The internal consistency according to Cronbach was at alpha = .90. The concern component of the TCS was between alpha = .80 and alpha = .90. Validity: The factorial validity was examined. The flow items loaded on two subfactors. By adding the three concern items, a third factor could be extracted, whereby the factors clarified 72 % of the variance. The FKS was used in professionals. The so-called paradox of work, according to which a flow state is experienced more often during work than during leisure time, whereas happiness and satisfaction feelings occur more often during leisure time, could be confirmed. The prognostic validity was checked. norms: T-values as well as mean values and standard deviations from various studies are available.
Rheinberg, F., Vollmeyer, R. & Engeser, S. (2019). FKS. Flow-Kurzskala [Verfahrensdokumentation aus PSYNDEX Tests-Nr. 9004690, Fragebogen und Normtabelle]. In Leibniz-Zentrum für Psychologische Information und Dokumentation (ZPID) (Hrsg.), Testarchiv. Trier: ZPID.
Short Name FKS
English Name Flow Short Scale
Authors Rheinberg, F., Vollmeyer, R., Engeser, S.
Published in Test archive 2019
Copyright/Licence Copyright Autoren; CC-BY-SA 4.0
Key words Flow (Consciousness State); Intrinsic Motivation; Daily Activities; Experiences (Events); Achievement Motivation; Emotions; Job Performance; Incentives
Application age No information.
Item number 16 items
Subscales 1) Smooth automated process, (2) Absorption, (3) Concern
Application time No information.
Interpretation time No information.
Reliability Internal consistency: Cronbach's alpha = .90; alpha = .80-.90 (concern component).
Validity Findings on factorial and prognostic validity; interactions with work and leisure.
Norms Standards are available in the form of T-values.
Applications Research; Daily life; Work
There is no abstract in English available. Information about the measure can be found under Overview.
There is no complete review in English available. Further information about the measure can also be found under Overview.
First published in
Rheinberg, F., Vollmeyer, R. & Engeser, S. (2002). Die Erfassung des Flow-Erlebens. In J. Stiensmeier-Pelster & F. Rheinberg (Hrsg.), Diagnostik von Motivation und Selbstkonzept (S. 261-279). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
Feedback on the use of a procedure from the Open Test Archive of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) to the test author(s)
Prof. i.R. Dr. Falko Rheinberg, Institut für Psychologie der Universität Potsdam, Lehrstuhl Allgemeine Psychologie II, Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24/25, OT Golm, D-14476 Potsdam